Even during the colder temperatures ultraviolet rays can harm you. This can leave you just as susceptible to injury during the colder months as you are in the warm months. There are several ways to avoid sun damage to skin all year round.
Keep in mind that the sun’s UV rays can go through glass and reflect off snow. UVA is not affected by temperature changes and will infiltrate deep layers of skin. Folks can burn without ever feeling the heat due to the cooler weather. Skiers, for example, should always wear sunglasses that cover a large area around the eyes, and a good sunscreen on the face. This exposure can cause lasting injuries.
In addition, UV damage is associated with wrinkles and creases in the face. Over the years, daily exposure can result in fine lines and wrinkles, red patches, a dry leathery appearance, age spots, and freckles. This exposure also causes the epidermis to lose the natural ability to repair because the rays break down collagen and impairs the production of new collagen.
Elastin is also weakened and not able to spring back causing wrinkles. This is due to not protecting yourself from exposure to the ultraviolet rays. This is also known as photoaging and develops in varying degrees depending on several things. These include skin color and a history of being exposed sunlight for many years.
An individual who has a history of excessive exposure and is fair skinned develops more signs of photoaging that folks with darker complexions. The signs include discoloration of the complexion and fine lines. It is important to watch for any signs of damage in order to address concerns early. These signs also include an increase in moles, brown spots, roughness, and broken blood vessels. Wearing a good pair of sunglasses can reduce the number of fine lines around the eyes.
Keep in mind that injury to the epidermis is cumulative. This UVB radiation is decreased in the winter, however it is still very dangerous. The areas of the body that are constantly exposed every day can result in cancer. Remember that the radiation can penetrate clouds so a cloudy day is no protection. It is important to note that not all sunscreen products are the same. Make sure that you use one that will protect you from UVA and UVB rays. Use the product if you plan to be exposed for more than fifteen minutes. Avoid tanning beds by opting for bronzing products.